It is helpful for an artist to learn how to use acrylic mediums in your painting. Acrylic mediums can be added to acrylic paint to give different effects.
Mediums can thicken or or thin paint, make it dry slower, add a glossy sheen or give your painting an interesting texture. There are a lot of acrylic mediums on the market and they vary slightly by brand.
Many artist use water as a medium to thin paint but too much water can dilute the binders in the paint and cause the paint to lift off your canvas. Acrylic mediums have the same acrylic base as your paint so lifting is less likely to happen.
Here are a few of the more popular mediums and how to use them in your art work.
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Gel mediumsare available in soft form and a thicker, heavy body type. They can be mixed with acrylic paint to extend the drying time and increase the transparency.
Thicker gel mediums thicken the paint and give you a finish more like oil paint, where the brushstrokes are visible. They can slightly extend the drying time of your paint.
Gel mediums come in a variety of finishes such as matte, semi-gloss or gloss. They can be used in place of gesso to prime a canvas. See my post on How To Gesso A Canvas.
Gel mediums can also be used as an archival glue when doing collage and decoupage.
** Use gloss on black or very dark paint as matte and semi-gloss can sometimes leave a milky film.
Texture mediums can add texture and interesting effects to your painting.
They are thick and best used with a pallet knife. Texture mediums can be used to make peaks, ridges or just about any shape on your canvas.
You can also make pronounced brush strokes using a stiff bristle brush. They can be transparent or opaque, matte or glossy.
Read the manufactures instructions on the jar before using.
These can all be painted over when dry. With so many varieties available, a wide variety of techniques and special effects can be achieved.
The possibilities are endless.
Most manufacturers have information on how to use these acrylic mediums as well as how to videos and ideas on their web sites.
Flow improvers or flow aids thin the paint without diluting the colour.
As the name implies, flow improvers improve the flow of your paint and decreases the friction of paint on canvas. You mix it with water, usually 10% flow aid to 90% water (read manufacturers instructions) and then mix into your paint.
Flow improvers can give you a stain, dye or watercolour effect without decreasing the strength of the pigment. Great for when you want transparent tints of colour, rather than a heavy opaque coverage.
Retarders, or slow drying mediums slow down the drying time of acrylic paint. This is useful to enable blending, one of the hardest things to master with acrylic paint since it dries so quickly.
You usually mix this with a small amount of water (usually 15% retarder to 85% water, read manufacturer instructions).
Because I like to paint in many thin layers, I will sometimes add this to my brush rinse water giving me more time to blend all of my paint.
I also sometimes add the retarder water mixture to a spray bottle and lightly mist my work in progress.
The trick here is not to use too much or your paint will not dry and leave a sticky layer of paint permanently on your painting.
Be careful not to use retarder with these open paints because they could take weeks or months to completely dry.
Acrylic mediums do vary between manufacturers and each manufacturer may label the medium differently so it is really important to read the label, follow the instructions and test the medium before applying it to your painting.
I like to buy a new medium when it is on sale and then spend some time playing around with it to see what I can create. It’s a lot of fun!
I hope you found this post informative and if you have found new and interesting ways of using acrylic mediums tell me about them in the comments below.
I would love to hear about your adventures in creating.
Thanks for reading.